We consider the electromagnetic response of a topological Weyl semimetal (TWS) with a pair of Weyl nodes in the bulk and corresponding Fermi arcs in the surface Brillouin zone. We compute the frequency-dependent complex conductivities σαβ(ω) and also take into account the modification of Maxwell equations by the topological θ-term to obtain the Kerr and Faraday rotations in a variety of geometries. For TWS films thinner than the wavelength, the Kerr and Faraday rotations, determined by the separation between Weyl nodes, are significantly larger than in topological insulators. In thicker films, the Kerr and Faraday angles can be enhanced by choice of film thickness and substrate refractive index. We show that, for radiation incident on a surface with Fermi arcs, there is no Kerr or Faraday rotation but the electric field develops a longitudinal component inside the TWS, and there is linear dichroism signal. Our results have implications for probing the TWS phase in various experimental systems.
A quasi-two-dimensional honeycomb ruthenate has been synthesized by members of IRG-1. Neutron diffraction shows antiferromagnetic ordering in each layer and between layers up to a temperature of 565 K. At this critical temperature, the layers magnetically decouple due to the weak inter-layer coupling which we can understand through a combinations of density functional theory calculations and Monte-Carlo simulations.
“The Higgs mode in disordered superconductors close to a quantum phase transition,” was just published in Nature Physics! The recent paper is a theory-experiment collaboration where our theoretical predictions of a Higgs mode going soft at a quantum critical point in a disordered superconductor are put to the test in dynamical conductivity experiments. This is the first unequivocal observation of the Higgs mode in a superconductor. In contrast to previous attempts where there was considerable mixing of the Higgs mode with broken pairs, in the experiments reported here the energy scale for the Higgs mode could be reduced well below the pair breaking scale. Importantly, the Higgs mass was shown to vanish at the quantum critical point between a superconductor and an insulator leaving no doubt that its origin lay in the amplitude fluctuations of the superconducting order parameter. Our theory was first published in Swanson, Loh, Randeria, Trivedi Phys. Rev. X 4, 021007 (2014). Phil Anderson has written a historical and insightful News and Views on our Nature Physics paper.
Congratulations to Dr. William Cole (August 2014), Dr. Eric Duchon (December 2013), Dr. Nganba Meetei (August 2014), and Dr. Mason Swanson (August 2014) for successfully completing their Ph.D.s! Will is doing post-doctoral research with Sankar das Sarma at the University of Maryland, Eric is working at BAE systems, Nganba is doing a post-doctoral position with Craig Fennie and Eun-ah Kim at Cornell University, and Mason will be working at Epic Systems. We wish all of them luck in their future endeavors!
Undergraduate students Robert Ivancic and Natalie Zeleznik presented their research projects at the annual Denman Undergraduate Research Forum. Congratulations guys!
Several group members recently presented their research at the 2014 American Physical Society March Meeting in Denver, CO.
William Cole: Spin-orbit coupled bosons in optical lattices
Nganba Meetei: Novel magnetic state in d4 Mott insulators
Mason Swanson: Dynamical conductivity across the superconductor-insulator transition
Robert Ivancic: Spectral functions in the 1D and 2D Bose-Hubbard model
Congratulations to the following students for winning the 2013 Department of Physics Summer Undergraduate Research Scholarships: